Marigold is a herbaceous, annual or perennial composite plant, which can also be grown as an ornamental plant, as well as a medicinal plant and can be found in some sporadic cases even in the wild.
It is a species that reaches a height of up to 60 centimeters; the flowers have a characteristic yellow-orange color and grow collected inside flower heads of 3-5 cm in diameter.
The fruits of the marigold are characterized by being curved achenes, with a squat shape and a high number of thorns.
Marigold is a rustic plant that is able to adapt to any type of environment and soil.
For this reason, it can easily be grown even in hilly areas up to 600 meters above sea level, especially in all those areas with good exposure to sunlight.
In the open field, with temperatures around 15 degrees Celsius, the seed can germinate in 15 days, while with higher temperatures it will only take ten days.
The best soils for the growth of the calendula plant certainly correspond to those that have a high quantity of organic substance inside them, well ventilated and drained, with a good level of humidity.
In any case, the advice is to avoid the repetition of the crop on the same soil for four to five years.
Inside the calendula plant we can find a very high number of active ingredients, including organic acids that resemble salicylic acid, alkali, proteins, collagen, palmitic, margaric, resin, sapogenin, polysaccharides, triterpene glycosides, saponosides, sterols , carotenoids, carotenes, flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil, vitamin C and mucilage.
Calendula is extremely useful for treating amenorrhea, menstrual irregularities and has an excellent beneficial action against Gram positive bacteria.
Furthermore, it can boast a particular antispasmodic and choleretic, hypotensive and sedative action on the central nervous system.
It is also extremely useful against gastric ulcer, gastritis, colitis, colds and, moreover, it has an excellent diuretic, anti-inflammatory and stimulating action on the circulation.
Calendula is also characterized by having an estrogenic effect and to promote perspiration, allowing the expulsion of toxins from the body, attenuating and reducing the eruptions that form on the skin in cases of measles and chicken pox.
Calendula is a plant that is extremely useful for nourishing and hydrating the skin, both of the face and of the whole body, but it can also be quite effective even in cases of dry, delicate, chapped and dermatosis skin as well as in cases where minor burns occur.
Preparations based on calendula improve the cellular hydration balance of the skin, as well as improve the formation of new cells, blood circulation and skin tone, especially during skin infections.
In case calendula is used in the form of ointment, it has already been shown that it is able to speed up wound healing, inhibit inflammatory processes, as well as perform an effective bacteriostatic activity and improve trophism.
It is a plant that can be considered optimal and also valid as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, healing, emollient, soothing, refreshing and restorative.
It is particularly good for the treatment of all venous ulcers and has an excellent level of tolerability even in varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and is a good help against pressure sores.
Finally, it is able to speed up the healing of bruises, acne, sores, insect bites, burns, allows a quick reabsorption of hematomas, in addition to the healing of bruises and to make the toxic and poisonous substances inoculated by insect bites and in cases harmless. of dental abscesses.
The calendula plant does not present any type of contraindication for external use and is very useful for all sensitive skin, avoiding causing allergic reactions.
Despite this, it is always best to avoid the use of calendula during the pregnancy periods.
Calendula extracts are often used for the production of cosmetic products and homeopathic medicines.
In most cases, calendula is very useful and effective for the treatment of all those inflammatory forms that affect the skin, such as sunburn, erythema and burns.
Calendula is also very useful as a remedy to be applied externally after exposure to sunlight: in these cases, the purchase of calendula-based ointments or gels is recommended.
On the market you can find different forms of calendula-based ointments and gels, especially as homeopathic medicines.
Homeopathic medicines based on calendula are characterized, in the case in which they are produced by the German Pharmacopoeia, to have a high active ingredient content (10% mother tincture).