What needs to be considered in order to grow a complete watermelon with the desired properties from the widest range of varietal and hybrid seeds offered by modern firms?
Choosing varieties of watermelons for sowing
The varieties of watermelons chosen for sowing must first of all be adapted to the conditions in which we are going to grow them. Watermelon is a capricious culture!
Only those plants for which we can ensure decent development will show all their wonderful qualities that breeders have worked on and which we liked when choosing.
Video about varieties of watermelons
The varieties are divided according to the ripening period. Having first sown seeds of early or ultra-early varieties under a film or in a greenhouse, you can harvest watermelons from about July 15 to mid-August. Then, within a month, mid-season varieties give fruit, the late ones sometimes ripen until November, before frost. In areas with a cool climate and early autumn, it is better to rely on early ripening options, and late ripening ones will show all their advantages only in long summer conditions.
In order to get the full return from the selected variety, one has to take into account its resistance to drought and cold, demand for fertilizers and the extent to which it is susceptible to diseases characteristic of the area, which in this regard will have to be done. The area occupied by the watermelon stems also needs to be borne in mind, based on the size of the sown area, some watermelons grow compact, while others branch and grow very widely.
Currently, the firms in Holland, Japan, and the USA specialize in the production of hybrid watermelon seeds, which can only be reproduced in the first generation. The combinations of varieties and lines are carefully selected so as to combine the best properties, each hybrid is unique and good in its own way. According to the company's catalog or information on the Internet, you can choose an option with suitable qualities for your conditions.
Most imported varieties and hybrids are large-fruited and high-yielding, but, as a rule, they require careful maintenance, in particular, a large amount of fertilizer. Foreign companies pay special attention, in addition to taste, disease resistance, as well as the presentation of the fruit - uniformity, spectacular shape, crust color, size. Domestic selection has long been focused on sweet taste, resistance to drought and cold, local varieties are generally less demanding on growing conditions and are well adapted to the local climate.
In the photo, watermelons
Watermelon Ogonyok and other "early ripening"
Two - two and a half months of ripening for a watermelon is not a long time. "Early ripeners" are miniature (in comparison with other watermelons, of course), no more than 2 - 3 kilograms. For a perishable product such as watermelon, such a "packing" can be considered an advantage, not a disadvantage, although many prefer large fruits, mistakenly associating the size with full ripeness. Fire, Sugar Baby, aka Suga baby and other "kids" refute this prejudice. They ripen well within 70-80 days, and even overripe if not harvested on time.
Like many early watermelons, Ogonyok and Shuga are thin-crusted, and are very tasty, contain a lot of sugar, which cannot be said about all early varieties. Suga got its sweet name for a reason. Both of these watermelons are of the correct round shape, and the color of their rind is very dark, black-green. Even among other early varieties, Ogonyok is extremely undemanding to heat, it is successfully grown in Siberia and the Urals.
In the photo, the variety of watermelon "Ogonyok"
Watermelon of the Lady variety, or rather, its better-known hybrid Lady f1, like other hybrid forms of early ripening, produces rather large fruits in favorable conditions. This is the earliest of the hybrids, but for 65 - 68 watermelons weighing 10 - 12, sometimes up to 16 kg grow, and they have excellent taste, because of which this watermelon sells very well. For its cultivation, abundant fertilizing with fertilizers is required at an early, vegetative stage of development.
The stem then turns out to be powerful, long - up to 7 m, with 5 - 7 lateral lashes, well leafy. As a result, the yield is also high - up to three and a half kg / sq. m. Like many other large watermelons, Lady f1 is oval, oblong in shape; striped crust.
Crimson Sweet (raspberry sweet) is one of the earliest and best varieties of the American firm Hollar in all respects. Ripening in 80 days, it is nevertheless very sweet, crispy, crust - with beautiful stripes on a light background. On the basis of Crimson, many hybrids have been bred with various combinations of useful qualities, including even earlier ones!
Among them is a new hybrid of Romanza f1, which stands out for its unusual keeping quality and special taste. It enjoys great success among gardeners, it is in demand, despite the fact that the variety is capricious in the early stages of growth.
Late summer and autumn watermelons
Photo of watermelons
Varieties and hybrids of these groups - medium late and late watermelons - ripen slowly, so they are grown in regions with long, hot summers. They tend to store more sugar than early ones. These fruits are thick-bore, transportable and can be stored for a long time. They are successfully salted and pickled. The disadvantage of slowly ripening is that it can be difficult to determine their readiness, often quite large and by all indications the finished watermelon turns out to be unripe. Seeds of early varieties are mainly presented on our market from foreign producers, but among the varieties of domestic selection there are real mid- and late-ripening masterpieces.
The famous Astrakhan was bred back in the 70s and is still very popular, despite the abundance of constantly created new varieties and hybrids. This is a real classic watermelon, round, sometimes slightly oval, striped, with red flesh, juicy and very tasty. It is easy to grow - does not get sick. Fruits are easy to transport and can be stored for a long time. Melitopolskiy 142 has an excellent reputation - fruitful, large-fruited, very sweet, well adapted even for the Lower Volga region - a region relatively cool for middle-late group watermelons.
Video about the Astrakhan watermelon
Chill is also one of the best domestic late-ripening ones, it successfully combines high yield, beautiful, very sweet pulp and excellent keeping quality. Harvested until November, you can store it until the New Year. Watermelons are slightly oval, large, grow up to 20 kg or more in good conditions. Green peel with dark green stripes. When planting, you need to take into account the powerful growth of the plant, the lashes reach 5 m. Resistance to diseases, unfortunately, is only average.
For a small summer cottage, the late Kustovoy is perfect. The plant is formed in the form of several lashes no more than a meter long, located compactly, not taking up much space. Nevertheless, it gives a good harvest - on each of the lashes, which can be up to five, a large, about 8 kg, fruit with a granular, crispy pink flesh ripens. This variety is disease resistant.
In winter, you can find and choose any varieties and hybrids: bestsellers, interesting novelties and even rare varieties. Moreover, it is better to go shopping as early as possible - at the height of the season, popular seeds are sold out much faster, popular varieties run out quickly.
Garden centers at seed companies. Advantages: large assortment, good quality and a guarantee that the seeds were stored in proper conditions.
Internet shops. A safe bet is to order seeds from the manufacturer's own online store. Large companies keep up with the times and have long been providing the opportunity to choose and order online. Seed companies comply with the conditions of transportation and storage of seeds, do not sell counterfeits, besides, prices when buying directly from a supplier are usually the most attractive.
As for other online stores, if you are making an order for the first time and do not have any feedback about the seller, it is better to limit yourself to a trial batch of seeds for the minimum amount possible for the order.
Specialized exhibitions. Another opportunity to buy seeds directly from growers. There is even a chance to get hold of some novelty or rare variety, as well as get expert advice.
Markets, small shops, seasonal fairs. Buying here can be a lottery as there is no guarantee that the seeds came from a reliable source and were stored correctly. What is definitely not worth buying in such conditions is expensive seeds of especially valuable varieties and hybrids.
The appearance of tomatoes
Tomato Sugar bison in appearance is difficult to recognize accurately, since now there are already many varieties with fruits of a similar shape and color. Tomatoes are quite beautiful: in general, heart-shaped tomatoes evoke a sensation of deliciousness, especially when they are painted in pink or raspberry color. The fruits of this tomato are characterized by a color transitioning from pink to pinkish-raspberry, since, depending on the degree of ripeness, it is closer to one or another. In the lower tiers of the bush, the largest specimens grow, but there are no small ones among the upper ones.
When fully ripe, the fruit of the Sugar Bison tomato is very beautiful.
Early ripe pepper 'Vesta F1'
The earliest and most elegant in this company is the Vesta F1 hybrid. Already 65 days after planting the seedlings, ripe peppers can be harvested. They are of an elongated conical shape, smooth, glossy, all even and exactly the same. They reach 14 cm in length, 7 cm in diameter at the base.The average weight of fruits is 160 g.
In technical ripeness, the peppers 'Vesta F1' have a milky white color
It is the perfect hybrid for the Russians' favorite dish - stuffed peppers. The color of ripe peppers is pale red, and in technical ripeness the fruit is even more beautiful - pale green, almost milky white. In a stewpan stuffed with minced meat and sprinkled with sour cream, red and white fruits look great. For a closer look at this hybrid, watch the video The Best Pepper for Stuffing ‘Vesta F1’.
List of the most delicious varieties of watermelon
Watermelons have a unique composition, rich in vitamins and minerals, with juicy red or yellow pulp, with or without seeds. The choice is quite rich, because more than 2000 varieties of sweet berries have already been bred, and breeding work continues. Despite the fact that watermelon is traditionally considered a thermophilic crop, there are species that are grown even in Siberia. As a rule, watermelon is chosen according to the degree of sweetness, juiciness, ripeness, aroma and taste. Not to be mistaken with the choice and to buy the most delicious watermelon, you can only study the features of the best varieties and varieties.
One of the most popular and widespread, since Soviet times, a variety of melons and gourds. Its main advantages are simplicity in growing, the possibility of long-term storage, resistance to long-distance transportation. But this is not the most important thing, because watermelon has a sweet, rich taste, is rich in vitamins, perfectly quenches thirst, and satisfies the needs of even experienced gourmets.
One of the most popular and widespread, since Soviet times, a variety of melons and gourds
Ripe berry reaches 7-10 kg, has a round or slightly oval shape, with light yellow, slightly blurred stripes on a dark green background. The brighter the contrast between such stripes, the richer and tastier the watermelon. The pulp is dark red, juicy, with a strong, persistent aroma, black seeds and a very thick skin. In terms of ripening, Astrakhansky refers to mid-season watermelons. The original variety is grown only in the southern regions, with a warm climate, but many hybrids of this species have been bred, suitable for harvesting in mid-latitudes. You can buy a real Astrakhan watermelon only during the ripening season, that is, in August-September, but not earlier.
This early maturing Soviet variety is ideal for growing not only in the middle latitudes, but also in the northern regions. It is unpretentious to growing conditions, resistant to diseases, and has a high yield. In addition, Spark is very sweet, with a delicate grainy pulp, almost without seeds. A ripe berry is small in size, rarely exceeds the weight of 2 kg, which does not in the least detract from its merits.
This early maturing Soviet variety is ideal for growing not only in the middle latitudes, but also in the northern regions.
Watermelon differs not only in miniature shapes, but also in an interesting, very dark (almost black), monochromatic skin color. By its appearance, Ogonyok resembles neat, perfectly round, small balls, fully ripens in just 80–85 days, and you can buy it in mid-August. A significant disadvantage of the variety is that it is not suitable for long-term storage and transportation.
Another interesting early variety designed specifically for commercial cultivation and sale. It is very fruitful, but quite thermophilic, therefore it is cultivated only in the southern regions, or in special greenhouses. The variety is widely known and popular for its unique honey flavor, high sugar content, bright aroma and persistent aftertaste.
Another interesting early variety specially designed for commercial cultivation and sale.
Watermelon fully ripens in 70 days, and can grow up to 12 kg, it is resistant to diseases, well stored, and transported. The peel is light green, striped, and the pulp is a rich raspberry hue, with a strong honey smell. It happens that abundant watering during cultivation makes the berry watery, but this does not happen often, and it appears on sale in August-September.
One of the most unpretentious, cold-resistant, not prone to wateriness and disease, a variety of watermelons. It is not without reason that he earned recognition from farmers and amateur gardeners. Despite its very small size (maximum 5 kg, but more often 1.5–2 kg), it has a sweet, sugary taste, delicate bright flesh and dense, dark skin.
One of the most unpretentious, cold-resistant, not prone to wateriness and disease, a variety of watermelons
The variety is early, therefore, you can buy it already at the end of July, and in taste and aroma, it surpasses most of the known hybrids.
An original, memorable hybrid with a bright lemon-colored pulp, obtained by crossing Astrakhan and wild watermelon. The peel, size, shape and smell of the Lunar variety are no different from the Astrakhan variety. The main difference lies in the color and tenderness of the pulp, an unforgettable taste, in which notes of lemon, honey, vanilla are mixed.
An original, memorable hybrid with a bright lemon-colored pulp
It contains a very large amount of sugar, almost no seeds and a loose rind, which makes it difficult to transport and sell. A mature fruit weighs only 3 kg, and ripens in 70–80 days. It can be seen on sale already in August, and it grows not only in the south, but also in temperate latitudes.
One of the most famous late varieties of the berry, distinguished by its huge dimensions (up to 25 kg). The variety was bred in Volgograd, which explains its resistance to cold and unpretentiousness. The berries are elongated oval, weighing no more than 4.5 kg, with thick striped skin and bright, sugary and juicy pulp.
The variety was bred in Volgograd, which explains its resistance to cold and unpretentiousness.
The main advantages of the variety are long-term storage, the possibility of transportation, unique taste, yield, but you can buy it only in September, due to the late ripening period.
A medium-late variety of watermelon, one of the sweetest and most delicious, which is grown in the southern regions of Russia, Moldova. The peel of the berry is thick, light with dark thorny stripes, and the flesh is characterized by graininess, high sugar content (about 8%) and juiciness.
A medium late variety of watermelon, one of the sweetest and most delicious
Watermelon reaches a weight of 14-16 kg, and up to 30 tons of ripe berries are harvested from 1 hectare. Due to its high taste and marketability, this variety is often found on sale in August or early September, along with Astrakhan watermelons. Unfortunately, Volzhanin is poorly stored, but compensates for the lack with its amazing taste.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the rarest, delicious and insanely expensive variety of the Japanese watermelon Densuke, which has a black rind and burgundy flesh. The cost of a kilogram of such a berry is more than $ 6,000, which does not stop true gourmets. Everyone can choose a watermelon to their taste on their own, trying and comparing several different varieties. The above varieties will help you navigate a difficult choice.
Pork loin is what part of the carcass
Pork loin - which part of the carcass is and what does it look like?
In many recipes, where pork is the main ingredient, it is the loin that is required. However, not everyone understands what kind of meat it is, and what part of the carcass is meant. The name, alas, does not speak at all. What does it represent, what price category does it belong to and how not to be mistaken with the choice?
What is a loin and what is useful in itself
Pork loin is premium meat taken from the back of the carcass. It looks like a long rectangular cut. In addition to juicy homogeneous meat, it contains part of the spine and a small amount of fat. In this regard, there are two types of loin: on the bone and boneless. Its meat is rich in flavor, delicate fibers, and requires a minimum amount of effort to cut and clean. This is the reason for the rather high price of the product.
In addition to its high taste, the loin also has a number of characteristics useful for the body:
- its protein is very easy to digest
- has a high content of B vitamins, useful for metabolism and the activity of the nervous system
- has a rich mineral composition
- suitable for sports nutrition
- helps with problems with bone tissue
- activates the process of cell renewal
- loin is good for feeding women who are breastfeeding, stimulates the production of breast milk.
What can be prepared from it
Of course, such a valuable product is widely used in cooking. In addition to all its advantages, pork loin is considered a completely dietary meat, due to its low fat content. It is suitable for proper nutrition, although it is inferior in this chicken, turkey, but for a change, once a week will be very useful.
Due to its technical characteristics (taste, texture and shape), the loin is suitable for preparing any second course:
- cutlets on the bone,
- boiled pork, etc.
Meat does not require long-term cleaning of veins, bacon films, minimal heat treatment is required, there is no need to invent various marinades. In addition, the loin has a slightly salty taste by nature, which means that less salt is required during cooking. There is also no need to add extra fats, because pork already contains them, therefore, it will not stick or burn without oil, but at the same time it forms a uniform, beautiful crust.
The right choice is the key to successful cooking
Often on the market, one part of the meat is passed off as a completely different one, which is very unpleasant. It is impossible to insure against such a swindle, because only professionals can distinguish the pork loin from the cheaper parts of the carcass. But there is a way out, for complete confidence it is worth choosing the part of the back where the bones of the chopped off ribs of the spine are visible.
The next criterion is the presence of a smell in the loin. Fresh pork meat practically does not have it, very young even smells of milk. There should be no hint of an unpleasant amber, otherwise, you have a cheaper piece in front of you and, quite possibly, stale.
Advice. Many people know how unpleasant the smell of the so-called boar is, you can check the pork in a simple way: pierce the suspicious pulp with a heated pin, if a characteristic smell appears, you will have to refuse the purchase.
Just like the aroma, the color of the flesh is very important. On the cut of the loin, it is slightly pinkish, almost beige, without any bruising. Well, if dark specks are found, this is a sign of a spoiled product.
Attention! Do not buy meat of a pronounced red or bright pink color, such shades are a sign of the use of chemical dyes to refine the appearance of low-quality pork.
Choose the right loin, give preference to buying it in a trusted place, then it will not disappoint when cooking, pamper with its pleasant taste and bring significant health benefits.
Let's play in the open field
And in open ground conditions, the plant needs pinching. It can be done in two ways:
Cucumbers. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © dachnyedela.ru
- One bush - one shoot. Fasten strictly vertically. All axillary processes must be removed. The plant should be planted on the sunny side. The more often the fruit is removed, the more new ovaries will form.
- Pinch the top of the bush that has reached a height of 2 m. In this case, the plant will devote all its energy not to growth, but to the formation of shoots. Stepsons pinch partially, leaving short shoots up to 4-6 nodes. New buds for the future harvest will be formed here. This method is good for hybrids and bee-pollinated varieties.
Some gardeners use the inverted pyramid method of growing cucumbers. The stepchildren of 1 and 2 nodes are completely removed, the shoots of the 3 and 4 sinuses are pinched, the next ones - when they reach a length of 30-40 cm. A plant is formed with one main lash and 10-15 shortened lateral shoots.
This method is not suitable for everyone, since the whips take up a lot of space. If you adhere to the principle of "less is more," then this is your option.
Not all varieties need pinching. It is not carried out on bush plants, where female flowers are more often formed. Many abandon pinching altogether and are content with how many fruits will grow with minimal care. The proposed options will allow you to prudently approach the issue of growing cucumbers and get the maximum yield.