Among the varieties of vegetable peas, early ripening varieties are especially popular. Children, and often adults, love sugar peas, which can be eaten straight from the garden along with the shoulder blades. In addition to sugar, many gardeners often plant cereal peas. It is also very good, but only seeds are eaten. One of these varieties is Early 301.
Early varieties of peas
There are a huge number of varieties and hybrids of vegetable peas. They differ in purpose, pod shape and size, ripening time, etc. In the backyard and summer cottages, they try to plant peas of an early or even very early ripening period in order to pamper themselves with delicious vitamin pods as soon as possible. Among the varieties included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, the following popular early-ripening varieties of sugar peas can be distinguished.
- Ambrosia - recommended for fresh unripe pods, as well as for all types of processing. Plant height no more than 70 cm, flowers are white. The pods are slightly curved, large. Light green color at harvest, good to excellent taste. Wrinkled peas, yield up to 600 g / m2.
Ambrosia produces delicious pods at the earliest possible date.
- Bobsleigh is a versatile variety, bushes of medium height, blooms with large cream-colored flowers. The pods are long, straight, of medium width, bright green. Unripe fruit tastes good. The peas are wrinkled, of medium size. Up to 1.4 kg of pods are collected from a square meter of the garden.
- Baby sweetness is a stunted plant. The purpose of the crop is to be consumed in an unripe state (both fresh and for any kind of processing, including canning). The pods are slightly curved, with a pointed tip. Green to light green in color, long, good to excellent taste. Seeds are medium-sized, slightly wrinkled. Productivity up to 1.8 kg / m2.
Children's sweetness fully lives up to its name
- Refined sugar is a universal variety, it grows in tall bushes, flowers are large, purple-red. The pods are very large, slightly curved, light green in color, good taste. Seeds slightly wrinkled, large, yield up to 1.5 kg / m2.
Refined pods are somewhat larger than other similar varieties.
- In addition to the listed varieties, such varieties as Zhegalova 112 and Inexhaustible 195 (considered one of the best sugar varieties, but ripening a little later) are highly popular. They grow in tall bushes and are very popular because of their excellent taste and high yield.
Separately, one could consider the early varieties of shelling peas: their pods are not so tasty as a whole, more often only individual peas are used, and the pod shell is thrown away. However, they are much less often planted in ordinary summer cottages. The most popular early ripening varieties include Vegetable 76, Lipensky, Pobeditel G-33, Viola and, of course, the old variety Early 301.
Description of peas varieties Early 301
Peas of the Early 301 variety have been known for a very long time: they were included in the State Register of our country back in 1956. Recommended for growing in many areas. Officially, this is the Central, Central Black Earth, North-West, Middle Volga and East Siberian regions, but in reality it is planted almost throughout the country.
Early 301 begins to bloom 29–38 days after germination, and about a month later its pods reach technical ripeness, that is, the harvest is ready for harvest. Grows in a small bush, about 70 cm high. Leaves of the usual shape for peas, green. Flowers of medium size, white.
At the stage of technical ripeness, the pods of the Early 301 are dense, stuffed
Pods with a blunt tip, almost not curved, up to 8 cm long, no more than 14 mm wide. In a state of technical ripeness, the pods are dark green in color and contain 5–7 yellow-green peas. The peas are not quite round, somewhat squeezed, and have a good taste. The crop ripens on the plant at the same time, the yield of pods (at the stage of technical ripeness) is low: from 0.8 to 1.1 kg / m2... The incidence of major diseases is average. The variety is recommended for canning, fresh consumption and home cooking.
The following fact is interesting. At the end of the last century, only a few different varieties of vegetable shell peas were recommended to food industry enterprises for the production of canned green peas. The first in importance was the Early Gribovsky variety, followed by the Early 301. Agricultural enterprises were given the task to occupy up to a quarter of the cultivated area allotted for peas with this variety.
Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties
If we compare the variety with sugar varieties that are most interesting to summer residents, then here it certainly loses: you will not grumble it along with pods, like, for example, Zhegalova 112 or Children's Sweetness. But after all, its purpose is different: first of all, it is intended for the manufacture of canned food, that is, the famous green peas. Therefore, Early 301 is rarely planted by experienced summer residents: in our time, rarely anyone independently prepares canned peas, they are easy to buy, and the point of self-cultivation is to get early vitamin products for consumption directly from the garden.
In turn, peeling varieties are divided into smooth-grain and cereal varieties: the best canned food is obtained from the latter. In addition, cereal peas are perfectly eaten fresh. And Early 301 refers specifically to the brain varieties. They contain a high content of various sugars and vitamins and not a lot of not very useful starch.
Peas are called cereal peas for the shape of the dried seeds.
From the point of view of agricultural technology, the positive aspects of the Early 301 peas are:
- simultaneous ripening of the pods;
- high taste and chemical composition of peas, which makes it possible to recommend it for baby food;
- adaptability to unfavorable climatic conditions;
- weak susceptibility to ascochitis;
- compactness of the plant.
True, the amicable ripening of the crop, which is an undoubted advantage in the case of growing peas for canning, can also be considered a disadvantage if it was planted at a summer cottage for use as a delicacy: having tasted the delicious peas once, next weekend you will not be able to repeat this pleasure.
Agrotechnology of Early 301 peas has practically no nuances in comparison with the cultivation of other varieties of a similar purpose. Planting it is as easy as shelling pears, and leaving involves only elementary operations: these peas do not even need support.
Peas are a cold-resistant plant, so they can be sown as soon as the soil thaws at least a little after winter. In this regard, the bed must be dug up in the fall. It grows best in the sun; in partial shade, the yield decreases slightly. If peas are sown for children, it is better to place small beds along the paths.
And in general, it should be borne in mind that literally in 2–2.5 months the garden bed will be empty: Early 301 will give up its harvest almost instantly. So, we need to think about what it will be possible to occupy the vacated area. Here the choice is wide: peas are an excellent precursor for most vegetable crops.
Peas love soils, medium in composition: loamy and sandy loam. Since autumn, the usual doses of fertilizers (humus, ash) are applied, only nitrogen is needed for peas in minimal quantities: he himself extracts it from the depths, which improves the structure and fertility of the soil. The best in acidity soils are close to neutral, in case of excess acidity they are preliminarily limed. The best precursors for peas are cucumbers, pumpkin, potatoes, all varieties of cabbage. You should not grow peas in one place for several years in a row, do not plant it after any kind of beans.
This variety of peas is sown with dry seeds, in early spring. In the middle lane, this is done in the second half of April, and sometimes earlier, depending on the weather.
Sometimes sowing is carried out even in October, in the hope that the seeds will overwinter and sprout as soon as the ground thaws. But this option is risky: there are often thaws in winter, and swollen seeds in cold soil often die.
Early sowing of peas is generally recommended to be carried out only with dry seeds: there is enough moisture in April for the seeds to swell and sprout, and soaked seeds often rot if cold weather returns. Therefore, seed preparation consists only in their calibration and removal of obviously unusable specimens.
For the Early 301, the most popular sowing pattern is 10 x 25 cm, but a denser planting is acceptable in the rows, with distances of only 5 cm. Seeds are embedded in the soil to a depth of 3 to 5 cm: deeper on sandy soils, shallower on clay soils. Experts recommend orienting the rows from north to south, so the plants are better illuminated by the sun.
The pea sowing technique is available even to the most inexperienced gardener
After the emergence of seedlings, caring for peas, in fact, is limited only to timely watering. Peas especially need moisture during dry periods, during flowering and pod growth. Watering can also be done by sprinkling, but without a strong pressure that damages the delicate leaves. Water temperature does not matter, consumption is 1-2 buckets per square meter.
When watering, the soil must be soaked well, but so that the puddle leaves in a few minutes
In a good bed, fertilized in advance, no additional fertilizing is needed, especially with nitrogen fertilizers. It is enough to water the bed with ash infusion once during flowering. You can not do the infusion, but just scatter the ash in a thin layer along the bushes and water it well. If it is still possible not to injure the roots, you can first slightly cover the fertilizer with a hoe into the soil.
Early 301 in the first half of summer is practically not affected by fungal diseases, so there is no need to spray it with anything. And how can you spray, and soon collect and eat? But various pests visit it: thrips, firefly, weevil, etc. However, they infect peas already at later stages: no one touches the pods in technical ripeness. Therefore, if you harvest the crop on time, you don't have to think about various small competitors.
And you need to harvest the crop on time: it ripens very quickly, literally in a couple of days changing from delicious grains to actually yellow and rough seeds. It is better to monitor the condition of the pods on a daily basis, so this variety should not be planted by those summer residents who visit the garden only on weekends. If there are too many peas collected at once, and canning was not included in the plans, you can simply freeze it and then add it to soups or side dishes.
Video: early peas in the garden
Reviews of early peas
Video: O. Ganichkina about growing peas
Early 301 peas are an excellent well-deserved variety intended primarily for the production of canned peas. But his unripe cereal grains are good fresh, and they are loved by both children and adults. It is very easy to grow peas, and the feeling of joy from eating it right from the garden is indescribable.
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Tall peas: features, agricultural technology, reviews
On the market, pea varieties are present in large quantities, which is good for the farmer or the owner of the dacha, but not everyone knows how to understand the huge catalogs. The seed of this valuable crop is classified into several categories, the names of which can confuse the inexperienced novice vegetable grower.
The gooseberry is early ripe, it grows with spreading branches and delicious berries. There are also some features of this variety.
See an overview of the Rodnik variety in the video below:
The shrub is low, with wide, long branches. There are thick shoots that lignify as they ripen. Shoots with thorns, but not dense ones - there are only 2-3 thorns per 0.5 m branches and only at the bottom of the bush. The foliage is wide, bright green. The leaf is slightly fuzzy below, smooth above.
Fruits are large, weighing one 5 g, round shape. Ripening, they acquire a green-yellow color with a slight red tint. The skin is not too dense, but firm, fleshy with a hint of gooseberry aroma. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness.
Gooseberry Rodnik is one of the best early ripening varieties. The fruits can be obtained in the first days of summer. The culture is highly frost-resistant, therefore it calmly tolerates severe winters, strong winds and frosts in the spring season.
The first berries can be obtained in the 2nd year after planting, but it all depends on the growing conditions and care for the shrub. With full care of the plant from 1 bush, you can get about 11 kg of juicy sweet berries.
Gooseberries are famous for their unsurpassed taste and can be consumed fresh. Perfect for preparing refreshing drinks, summer salads. For the winter, preserves, jams and compotes are made from gooseberries. Some housewives even bake pies with Rodnik berries.
The skin is not too dense, but it is able to withstand transportation, while the fruits do not lose their taste and presentation. However, for transportation, the fruit should be harvested in the period of technical maturity.
Last year I planted pea seeds - Aelita "vegetable pea Early 301". In one pack there were about 25 peas, of which 24 peas emerged, that is, almost 95% germination, which is just fine. The plant itself was quite long, somewhere about 1 meter in length, so we tied it to twigs so that it would not rot right away at the root. We already ate the first harvest at the end of June, and this is early, because other types of peas were planted with it, which ripened only at the beginning of August. The pods themselves are large, about 8 centimeters, but the peas in them are 0.5 cm in size, but they were so juicy that we all just ate it. When we planted the peas, we thought we would freeze them for the winter, but we couldn't save them, they ate them straight from the roots.anastasia1987kor
Planted in early June. Two weeks later, we saw shoots about 5 cm high and 5 leaves. Germination is good. Bloomed around July 12th. On July 22, half-puffed pea pods suddenly appeared, despite the fact that on the 17th they did not seem to be there yet. On July 30th we ate the first small crop of peas. For two people who love fresh peas, one bed from one bag of seeds is not enough. The peas were still in bloom on July 30th. 04 August the main harvest - three liters of peas in pods, unpeeled. Not more. It stopped blooming. It looks like all the peas are in pods, but I want a bigger crop.Olala
Hybrid pea variety Early 301 is designed to produce high quality production as early as early to mid-summer. All its excellent qualities can be appreciated only by observing the sowing time and collecting the pods on time. The variety is not suitable for summer residents visiting the site on weekends. Plants sown late or re-sown in summer, when the ripening period is already in August or September, can be affected by diseases.